Copyright © 1987 by Marshall Fritz
Left/Right scale is a misleading way of comparing political systems. It doesn't measure
anything. In fact, it doesn't even have tick-marks to show distance between different
people or ideas:
People use the Left/Right approach out of habit, but it leads to
confusion. For example, Fascism is often placed on the Right and Socialism on the Left.
Yet Fascism is "National" Socialism.
Indeed, the left/Right scale is not a scale at all, just an
obsolete reference to the seating arrangement of the French Assembly in the 1790's.
In 1970, Denver advertising executive David Nolan invented a
better approach. He divided human action into two categories.
The Nolan Chart
overcomes the weaknesses of the outdated Left/Right political spectrum.
"Economic" category includes what you do as a producer and consumer. These are
your actions that can be described in money. Examples are earning a wage, buying a car,
renting a motorhome.
The "Civil" (or personal) category includes what you do
in relationships and expresing yourself. These actions are NOT measured in money. Examples
are the way you worship God, or don't; what books or magazines give you pleasure; your
personal tradeoffs between today's fun and tomorrow's health. The Bill of Rights is aimed
at your freedoms in this category.
Nolan saw how political families can be understood by the degree
of INDIVIDUAL choice they offer in these categories. You can use this improved way of
mapping political thought to better understand your local, national and international
- Left/Liberals like personal choice in civil matters and central
decision-making in economics. They want government to serve the disadvantaged and promote
equality. Left/Liberals place high value on good intentions.
They accept diversity in social behavior but seek more equality in
economics. They work with Libertarians in defending civil liberties and with Socialists in
advancing economic central planning.
- Right/Conservatives like personal choice in economics and central decision-making
in civil matters. They want government to defend the community from threats to it's moral
fiber. Right/Conservatives place high value on laws and legislation.
They accept diversity in economics but seek similarity in social
behavior. They work with Libertarians in defending economic freedoms and with Populists in
enforcing community standards in social matters.
- Socialists & Populists favor central decision-making in both civil and
economic matters. They believe the needs of the individual are subordinate to the needs of
society. They want government to "correct wrongs." While they strongly differ on
particular programs, both prefer equality in economic and personal matters.
- Classical Liberals/Libertarians like personal choice in both civil and economic
matters. They believe government's only purpose is to safeguard people from coercion and
violence. They value individual responsibility and tolerance. Libertarians accept
diversity in both social behavior and in economic situation.
- Centrists favor selective governmental intervention and temporary
affiliations with others. They take a strong stance on few issues, prefering the middle
position in most matters. Centrists emphasize practical solutions to current public